D&I Articles of Interest

PDF iconEquity and Quality—Improving Health Care Delivery Requires BOTH.pdf

PDF iconSocial and Structural Determinants of Health inequities in Maternal Health.pdf

PDF iconUS Health Care Spending by Race and Ethnicity, 2002-2016.pdf

PDF iconTrends in Differences in Health Status and Health Care Access.pdf

PDF iconDoes Race Interfere With the Doctor-Patient Relationship.pdf


PDF iconNational Healthcare Quality and Disparities Report - Chartbook on Patient Safety.pdf

PDF iconThe Importance of Diversity and Inclusion in the Healthcare Work Force.pdf

PDF iconHospitals try to cross cultural divides to build trust in COVID-19 vaccination.pdf

PDF iconAddressing Systemic Racism Through Clinical Preventive Service Recommendations From the US Preventive Services Task Force.pdf

PDF iconRace and Pharmacogenomics—Personalized Medicine or Misguided Practice.pdf

PDF iconRecalibrating the Use of Race in Medical Research.pdf

PDF iconOne Size Does Not Fit All - Tranlating Knowledge to Bridge the Gaps to Diversity and Inclusion of Surgical Teams.pdf

PDF iconUsing Rising Tides to Lift All Boats - Equity-focused Quality Improvement as a Tool to Reduce Neonatal Health Disparities.pdf

PDF iconStrategies to Mitigate Clinician Implicit Bias Against Sexual and Gender Minority Patients.pdf

PDF iconRelationship of Socio-demographics, Comorbidities, Symptoms and Healthcare Access with Early COVID-19 Presentation and Disease Severity.pdf

PDF iconBeing Mindful of Cultural and Linquistic Diversity in Everyday Practice.pdf

PDF iconWorking Together - Addressing Cultural Diversity, Patient Safety, and Quality Care Through an Interprofessional Health Care Course.pdf



Cultural Competency

A Treatment Improvement Protocol: Improving Cultural Competence (PDF, 4.21 MB)

Best practice guidelines for treatment of substance use disorders, with a focus on cultural competence. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

Advancing Effective Communication, Cultural Competence, and Patient- and Family-Centered Care for the Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender (LGBT) Community

A field guide to create a more welcoming, safe and inclusive environment that contributes to improved health care quality for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) patients and their families. The Joint Commission

Center for Multicultural Health

Promotes the health and well-being of people in diverse communities

Clear Communication: Cultural Respect

A description of what is cultural respect and answers to frequently asked questions about cultural respect in the context of National Institutes of Health. National Institutes of Health, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

Cross Cultural Health Care Program

Addresses broad cultural issues that impact the health of individuals and families

Cultural and Linguistic Competency - Office of Minority Health. Web site with guides, national standards, policies, initiatives, laws, reports, and training tools

Office of Minority Health, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

Cultural Sensitivity, A Pocket Guide for Health Care Professionals -Full text – Joint Commission - 2012

Culture Clues™

Tip sheets for clinicians to increase their awareness about concepts and preferences of patients from the diverse cultures. University of Washington Medical Center.

Diversity and Cultural Competency

Link to resources on cultural competency. Administration on Aging, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

Equity of Care

List of resources, blogs, and newsletters about increasing cultural competency training and diversity in governance and leadership. American Hospital Association

Ethnicity, Culture and Alcohol

Training module to familiarize people with literature that relates alcohol issues to race, ethnicity, and culture. National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism


Information about cultural beliefs and medical issues for the health care of recent immigrants. Harborview Medical Center, University of Washington

Health Equity

Compilation of Web sites, reports, guidelines, and training tools. The Joint Commission

Minority Health and Health Equity Archive

An electronic archive for digital resource materials in the fields of minority health and health disparities research and policy. University of Maryland Center and University of Pittsburgh

National Center for Cultural Competence (NCCC)

Resources for culturally and linguistically competent service delivery systems. Georgetown University Center for Child and Human Development

A Physician’s Practical Guide to Culturally Competent Care

Self-directed training course for physicians, physician assistants, and nurse practitioners. CME and CEU credits available. Office of Minority Health, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

Reducing Disparities in Health Care

A list of resources for physicians to reduce health disparities, research on eliminating health care inequalities, and work by the American Medical Association to reduce health care disparities. American Medical Association

State Minority Health Contacts

Interactive map locating minority health points of contact in states and territories. Office of Minority Health Resource Center, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

Think Cultural Health

Continuing education programs for nurses and physicians. Office of Minority Health, U.S. Department of Health


Social Determinants of Health


Factors contributing to health care inequities


improving cultural competencies

The Heckler Report, also called the Report on Black and Minority Health, was released in 1985 to mobilize elimination of health disparities.

The federal Office of Minority Health was established in 1986 to implement the Heckler Report.

The Healthy People 2030 agenda, which includes the goal of eliminating health disparities, released in 2000 with the latest update in 2020.

National CLAS Standards, a 2000 federal report outlining culturally and linguistically appropriate services (CLAS) in health care, was updated in 2013.

LEP Guidance, issued in 2000 and in 2003, addresses working with people with limited English proficiency (LEP).

Think Cultural Health launched in 2004 as a clearinghouse of resources where healthcare professionals can find culturally and linguistically appropriate services.